|Fanorona is a two-player ancient board game that originates in Madagascar and derived from Alquerque.|
Fanorona is played on a board with a grid of 5x9 points connected with lines indicating valid movements (see picture below).
There are two players: White and Black. Initially 22 pieces of each color are placed on the board as shown on the following picture:
|The goal of Fanorona is to capture all opponent's pieces.|
Players move alternatively, starting from the player controlling the White pieces.
There are two kind of moves: non-capturing (called paika) and capturing moves:
A paika move consists of moving one piece to an adjacent point along any drawn line .
A capturing move results in removing one or more pieces of the opponent. A capturing move is mandatory, i.e. if a player on his turn can capture some pieces of the opponent then the player must capture.
There are two kind of capturing moves: by approach or by withdrawal.
If a player can do an approach and a withdrawal at the same time, he has to choose which one he plays.